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OZON.RU



1-01.
- , "it"note:1-01-A


1-01. I.
C , - it

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  1. It is accepted that...
    , ...
  2. It is announced that...
    , ...
  3. It is assumed that...
    , ...
  4. It is believed that...
    { |}, ...
  5. It is considered that...
    { |}, ...
  6. It is expected that...
    { |}, ...
  7. It is found that...
    , ...
  8. It is heard that...
    { | }, ...
  9. It is hoped that...
    , ...
  10. It is known that...
    , ...
  1. It is recognized that...
    , ...
  2. It is reported that...
    , ...
  3. It is said that...
    , ...
  4. It is seen that...
    , ...
  5. It is shown that...
    , ...
  6. It is stated that...
    { | |}, ...
  7. It is supposed that...
    , ...
  8. It is thought that...
    { |}, ...
  9. It is understood that...
    { | }, ...

1-01. II.
C , - it ,

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  1. It appears that...
    {-, |, } ...
  2. It chanced that...
    { }, ...
  3. It happened that...
    { }, ...
  1. It prove that...
    , ...
  2. It proved that...
    , ...
  3. It seems that...
    {, |, } ...

1-01. III.
C , - it ,

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  1. It is certain that...
    { | }, ...
  2. It is likely that...
    { | }, ...
  3. Be surenote:1-01-t3A {to |and} {tell me |...} - .
    { | |}, ...
  4. It is unlikely that...
    {, | | } ...

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note:1-01-A (" ").

note:1-01-t3A "sure" ( "It is sure that..."), , (, ).

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1-02
, : ( , ), — .


1-02. I.

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to advise
to {assist |help}
to favour{ |}
to give

e.g.
I gave him an English magazine.
I gave an English magazine to him.
He was given an English magazine (by me).
An English magazine was given (to) him (by me).
to grant,

e.g.
The Bank granted them a loan.
The Bank granted a loan to them.
They were granted a loan (by the Bank).
A loan was granted (to) them (by the Bank).
to offer

e.g.
He was offered some interesting work.
Some interesting work was offered (to) him.
to oppose
to pay

e.g.
They are paid twice a month.
to precede
to present{ |}
to prevent{ | |}
to promise

e.g.
I was promised this book.
This book was promised (to) me.
to recommend
to send,

e.g.
He sent the documents to the manager yesterday.
The manager was sent the documents (by him) yesterday.
The documents were sent (to) the manager (by him) yesterday.
to show

e.g.
My brother showed me a new dictionary.
My brother showed a new dictionary to me.
I was shown a new dictionary (by my brother).
A new dictionary was shown (to) me (by my brother).

e.g.
They will show the goods to our agents at the end of the week.
Our agents will be shown the goods (by them) at the end of the week.
The goods will be shown (to) our agents (by them) at the end of the week.
to teach{ |}

e.g.
They are taught French at school.
French is taught (to) them at school.

1-02. II.
C , , , note:1-02-A

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to ask{ |}

e.g.
He asked to speak.
.
He asked to open the window.
.
[Lingvo, ver.10, . "ask"]

e.g.
I asked her to bring me a glass of water.
[, 1999, .426]

e.g.
Ask him {whether |if} he can do it to-morrow.
, .
[, 1999, .355]

e.g.
I asked for the cases to be loaded at once.
He asked for the letter to be sent off by air mail.
[, 1999, .255]
to allow{ |}

e.g.
The customs officer allowed the goods to be discharged.
{, | }.

The captain allowed the goods to be put on deck.
.

[, 1999, .255]

e.g.
Smoking is not allowed.
.

They are allowed an hour for lunch.
.

[Lingvo, ver.10, . "allow"]

e.g.
I think they just allowed him too much freedom.
You will be allowed to smoke here.
If a person divorces his wife three times, it is not allowed for him to marry her again.
Bathing in the river was allowed him yesterday. (???)
to command
to order

e.g.
The manager ordered the cargo to be insured.
{, | } .

The captain ordered the cases to be loaded.
.

The captain ordered the sailors to load the cases.
.

[, 1999, .255]
to saynote:1-02-B{ | |}
to tellnote:1-02-C{ | |}

e.g.
We were being told the news when he came yesterday.
The news was told us yesterday.

e.g.
She told him to close the window.

e.g.
The story was told him in the year 1925.

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note:1-02-A [, 1999, .255, .426], " , , ", , , . , , , : "I asked to send off the letter", "The captain ordered to load the cases" .., — , " ", .. , , ; .
, "to ask" , .

note:1-02-B , , "to say" , "to". "to say" "to tell" , "to say" .
[, 1999, .418]

note:1-02-C "to tell" , , . , "to tell" , .
[, 1999, .418]

:

2a:
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1-02-B


, — "to", — .

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to announce, ; ;
to attribute
to communicate
to declare
to deliver,

e.g.
They will deliver the goods to our agents at the end of the week.
The goods will be delivered to our agents (by them) at the end of the week.
:
Our agents will be delivered the goods (by them) at the end of the week.
, "show".
to describe
to dictate { |}
to explain; , ; ,

e.g.
She explained the problem to me.
The problem was explained to me (by her).
:
I was explained the problem (by her).
to introduce,
to propose
to prove
to read

e.g.
He read the book to his little sister.
The book was read to her by him.
:
His little sister was read the book by him.
to repeat
to ship
to submit{ |} ()

e.g.
The buyers submitted a letter of guarantee to the sellers.
A letter of guarantee was submitted to the sellers by the buyers.
:
The sellers were submitted a letter of guarantee by the buyers.
to suggest, ;
to write

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1-03


, ( ), , .

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to affect{ | |}

e.g.
Heavy storms affected shipping.
Shipping was affected by heavy storms.
to answer
to approach
to attend{ |}

e.g.
A great number of students attended the lecture.
The lecture was attended by a great number of students.
to consult {|}
to enjoy{ | |}
to follow{ | | - |}

e.g.
A letter followed the telegram.
The telegram was followed by a letter.
to influence
to join
to need .-., .-.
to succeed{ |}
to watch{ | }

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1:

 


1-04.
,


1-04. I.
, .

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to account for{ | | |}

e.g.
This accounts for his behaviour.
His behaviour is accounted for by this.
{ . | . | . | .}

e.g.
His negligence accounts for these accidents.
These accidents are accounted for by his negligence.
{ . | .}

e.g.
A storm on the sea accounts for the late arrival of the steamer.
The late arrival of the steamer is accounted for by a storm on the sea.
to agree {on |upon}{ | }

e.g.
The parties could not agree on the terms of the contract.
The terms of the contract could not be agreed on by the parties.
.

We agreed upon the terms.
The terms were agreed upon by us.

Can my lawyer charge me for something that was not agreed on?

e.g. note:1-04-B
"In spite of the terror and grief that H ha brought to St. Bart's, the brothers and nuns were agreed that in a spirit of forgiveness, he should be buried in their cemetery, though at a discreet distance from the others who were at rest in that place." [from a novel by D. Koontz]

All the believers were agreed in heart and mind. They didn't claim that anything they had was their own. They shared everything they owned.

Russias Deputy Foreign Affairs Minister, Grigory Karasin, said the border-moving had been agreed with the government of Russia, but Medvedev now says that this was not the case.

There were a number of points that were agreed at the Potsdam Conference.
, .

I can't accept that restriction, because "Then we are agreed!" is a familiar enough expression. [forum.wordreference.com]
to allow for{ | }
to allude to{ | .-.}

e.g.
The authors allude to the question in his article.
The question is alluded to in this article.
to arrive at{ |}

e.g.
We hope that they will arrive at an agreement.
We hope that an agreement will be arrived at.
to call for{ | }
to comment {on |upon} .-.

e.g.
Many authors comment upon this event in to-day's newspapers.
This event is commented upon in to-day's newspapers.

He did not comment on this event.
.

The foreign minister of Russia, Sergei Lavrov, insisted that Snowden "did not cross the Russian border" but did not comment on whether he was at the airport.
, " ", , .

Interestingly, this factor was not commented on by either the judge or counsel for the appellants.
, , .
to contribute to
to count upon

e.g.
I count upon him to help me.
, .
[, 1999, .256]
to deal with{ |}
to depend on

e.g.
We can depend on this man.
This man can be depended on.
dispose of, .-.

e.g.
They could not dispose of the goods in a short time.
The goods could not be disposed of in a short time.
to insist {on |upon}

e.g.
They insisted upon these terms.
These terms were insisted upon.
The terms which were insisted upon could not be accepted.
The terms insisted upon could not be accepted.
to interfere with .-., .-.

e.g.
He should not be interfered with.

e.g.
He doesn't let anybody interfere with his game of golf on Saturday mornings.
His game of golf on Saturday mornings should not be interfered with by anybody.
to laugh at

e.g.
The boys laughed at him.
He was laughed at by the boys.
to listen to .-., .-.

e.g.
The boys listened to him attentively.
He was listened to by the boys attentively.
to look at

e.g.
People looked at her with surprise.
She was looked at with surprise.
to look after
to look on as{ | }
to provide for .-.

e.g.
The contract provides for payment in cash.
Payment in cash is provided for by the contract.
to refer to{ |}

e.g.
This book is often referred to.

e.g.
The figures which have just been referred to were published in "Pravda" last week.
The figures just referred to were published in "Pravda" last week.
to refer to as

e.g.
Some people referred to them as freedom fighters, but to me they were terrorists.
Often they were referred to as freedom fighters, but to me they were terrorists.

e.g.
His real name is Charles, but his friends refer to him as Chuck.
His real name is Charles, but he is often referred to as Chuck.

e.g.
The area south of 9th Street is referred to as the South Slope.
to rely {on|upon}{ | }

e.g.
This man can be relied on.

e.g.
I rely upon you to do it in time.
, .
[, 1999, .256]
to speak {of |about}

e.g.
The book is very much spoken of.
to send for

e.g.
They had sent for the doctor before I came.
The doctor had been sent for before I came.
to substitute for{ | }
to think of
to think of as
to wait for .-.

e.g.
We waited for them to begin the conversation.
, .
[, 1999, .256]

1-04. II.
, .note:1-04-A

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to agree with smbd .-.

e.g.
I agree with you.

e.g. (. ):
We are agreed with each other.
to agree to smth{ .-. | .-.}.

e.g.
He agreed to my offer.
{ | }.

e.g. :
My offer was agreed to by him.

What was agreed to at the Potsdam conference?

The Pryor amendment was agreed to by voice vote. [democrats.senate.gov]
to { |}

e.g.

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note:1-04-A ( + ), 1-05. II

note:1-04-B "agree" , : "agreed" , ; "agree" , .
: <<"We are agreed" shows a current state that two people are in agreement (now). "We are agreed" is a rather formal, and uncommon, way of saying "we agree".>> , , ; , , : "We are agreed (with each other)." -, , — "agreed" .
, "had been agreed" ( ) , — {"on |upon}" , " ".

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1-05


1-05. I.
-.

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to call attention to (-)
to do away with{ | }
to give attention to -, -
to give consideration to
to lose sight of .-., .-.

e.g.
At last we lost sight of the ship.
At last the ship was lost sight of.
:
At last our sight was lost of the ship.
At last our sight of the ship was lost.
At last our sight was lost of.
to make allowance for{ | }
to make attempt{ |}
to make a contribution to
to make mention of ()
to make reference to
to make use of{|}
to pay attention to { -, - | }
to take account of{ |}

e.g.
The scientists take account of physiological functions of the organism.
Physiological functions of the organism are taken account of.
:
Account is taken of physiological functions of the organism.
Account of physiological functions of the organism is taken.
Account is taken of.
to take advantage of{ | }
to take care of{ | |}

e.g.
He takes care of his child well.
His child is well taken care of.
:
Care is well taken of his child.
Care of his child is well taken.
Care is well taken of.
to take care + {[Vinf] |that...}{ | | , }
to take note of{ | }
to take notice of{ | }

1-05. II.
C note:1-05-A

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to get on{ | |}

e.g.
How are you getting on?
?
to talk over

e.g.
We must talk the matter over.
.
to think over
to look on
e.g.

He was not helping; he was only looking on.
; .
to put on
e.g.

Put your coat on!
!
to { |}

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note:1-05-A . , ( 1-04. I 1-04. II).

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2b, 2c

 


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